English incorporates several overlapping disciplines such as Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, and Phonics. Speaking and Listening underpins all aspects, so a good range of vocabulary and clear pronunciation will help a child to read and write more easily.
Writing skills are taught on a daily basis. Children are encouraged to have-a-go at writing sentences, using phonic skills to spell words. Common spelling patterns, prefixes, suffixes and tricky words are taught frequently. Children are encouraged to use spelling and grammar conventions, which they have been taught, in their work. As children mature they are expected to write longer pieces which include specific features such as adjectives, conjunctions, exclamations, questions and exciting vocabulary. We write stories, invitations, letters, greetings and lists throughout the school year. Handwriting is taught regularly as a short focused lesson.
Reading is taught using a range of strategies and formats. Whole-class reading using the Interactive Whiteboard occurs several times each day. Groups of children engage in Guided Reading 2 or 3 times each week. Children have an individual reading book in their book bag which they are free to change each day. They will read this book at least once a week with a member of staff, and often more than once. We encourage parents to read this book with their child on a daily basis too. We ask children to talk about the book they have read and question them to check understanding. Children also read books from the reading boxes in the classroom as free-choice or teacher-directed activity. They use information books to research facts as part of topic work. Reading to an audience of listeners is developed in the classroom and at regular church services
Phonics helps children to segment words for reading and build words for writing. The letter sounds of the alphabet are taught singly, then in combination, as phonemes and graphemes which are commonly found in English. Children have a Phonics lesson every day. Phonics are experienced in a fun way on computers and ipads. They are used in treasure-hunt fashion hidden in sand-trays or in the outdoor space with words to build once found. Several games and resources have Phonics at their core, so children engage with them constantly.